The Structure of the GMAT Exam

The GMAT exam (Graduate Management Admissions Test) consists of a series of set exercises designed to measure the mathematical and verbal skills of the examinee.

The GMAT exam is an important point of reference for business schools during their admissions period for postgraduate studies.

The GMAT Exam


The GMAT exam consists of four sections: AWA (essay), Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, and Verbal.

The AWA and Integrated Reasoning sections are assessed separately, while the Quantitative and Verbal sections are assessed on a scale ranging from 200 to 800.

The GMAT is a unique exam in that no two tests are the same. The program adapts to your level through an internal algorithm that provides the questions. In other words, in accordance with whether you get a question right or wrong, the algorithm supplies you with a more or a less complicated question.

It is worth keeping in mind that your entry into a business school will be subject to your doing the GMAT exam.

The Structure of the GMAT Exam: AWA

The GMAT exam contains a section called the Analytical Writing Assessment, which involves writing an essay in 30 minutes. The score obtained ranges from 0 to 6.

Since the GMAT is done on a computer, a reader and a computer program (e-Rater) are in charge, separately, of marking the essay. If the scores given by the reader and the computer program do not vary by more than one mark, the final score is obtained through the mean of the two previous scores.

On the other hand, if the scores vary by more than one mark, a third person is then in charge of re-evaluating the essay.

Structure and syntax are assessed by the e-Rater, while the readers evaluate the coherency of the arguments presented.

In order to achieve a high mark in the section of the GMAT exam, it is important to write a well-structured essay. This is also something that the e-Rater will detect.

The Structure of the GMAT Exam: Integrated Reasoning

This section of the GMAT exam consists of 12 questions to be answered in 30 minutes. The score ranges from 1 to 8.

The types of question are: Table Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Two-Part Analysis.

The data in the questions are presented in the form of text, graph, or table. The objective of Integrated Reasoning is measure the analytical skills of the candidate in the performance of tasks common to the Verbal and Quantitative sections of the GMAT, but in an integrated manner: deriving conclusions from graphs or tables, inferring on the basis of statistics, and so on.

Table Analysis

Table Analysis questions present a table with data or statistics, and require candidates to assess the relationship of these factors to a number of statements.

Graphics Interpretation

In this section of Integrated Reasoning, blanks must be filled in to provide the most accurate statement about the data in the graph, which can appear in a number of forms.

Multi-Source Reasoning

The questions in this section are related to a text divided into two or three tabs. The text may take the form of e-mails or of information of the kind that appears also in Reading Comprehension. The aim here is to make correct inferences on the basis of the statements in the tabs, to make calculations, or to identify ideas that could weaken or strengthen those statements, and so on.

Two-Part Analysis

In this section, mathematical or logical reasoning must be used to resolve problems with a two-part solution presented in a table separate from the data given.

The Structure of the GMAT Exam:

This section of the GMAT consists of 37 multiple-choice questions to be answered in 75 minutes.

There are two types of question in this section: Problem Solving or PS and Data Sufficiency or DS.

Problem Solving consists of mathematical problems that must, as the name suggests, be solved, whereas in Data Sufficiency what has to be determined is whether sufficient data have been provided to solve the problem.

The Structure of the GMAT Exam:

This is the final part of the GMAT exam. It consists of 41 multiple-choice questions to be done in 75 minutes.

These 41 questions fall into 3 categories: Sentence Correction or SC, Critical Reasoning or CR, and Reading Comprehension, or RC.

Sentence Correction

In this part of the GMAT exam the correct one of five alternative ways of completing a sentence must be chosen.

Critical Reasoning

In this part there appear questions that test logical and analytical skills through such processes as making inferences, recognizing assumptions, resolving paradoxes, and so on.

Reading Comprehension

This part of the GMAT exam presents longer passages than those in CR – normally 4 – and asks questions on the content and structure of those passages, and on inferences that may be drawn from them.

How to prepare for the GMAT Exam?

There are many different ways of preparing for the GMAT exam, but the most practical option is to do so online. GMAT Online provides the preparation necessary for going to the GMAT with confidence and achieving an excellent result.

By using GMAT Online, you can prepare for the exam at your own pace and convenience, while going thoroughly into the matters that the GMAT will require you to know.

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